ASIC implementation of high-speed vector magnitude & arctangent approximator

Circuits and Systems for Receiving, Transmitting and Signal Processing

The quadrature processing techniques used in spectral analysis, computer graphics, and digital communications constantly demand high-speed calculation of the magnitude of a complex number (vector V) given its real and imaginary parts. The aim of this work is designing a digital signal processor (DSP processor) for approximating magnitude and arctangent (phase) of vectors (and/or complex numbers). This work can be divided into three main stages. Firstly, a mathematical model is designed in Simulink, then using that model. Secondly, Verilog description code is generated. The code is used to perform logic synthesis (converting the description code into logic gates) using XT018 technology (180 nm BCD-on-SOI) from X-FAB. Lastly, an ASIC (Application Specific Integrated Circuit) is created from the logic gates. The inputs and outputs of the device are fixed-point numbers, their length is equal to 16 bits and the fraction length is 8 bits. The proposed system can calculate magnitude and phase with an error of less than 1 and 0.35 % respectively.